Category: Science & Math

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Exoplanets: Hidden Worlds and the Quest for Extraterrestrial Life

Description “How do alien, faraway worlds reveal their existence to Earthlings? Let Donald Goldsmith count the ways. As an experienced astronomer and a gifted storyteller, he is the perfect person to chronicle the ongoing hunt for planets of other stars.” ―Dava Sobel Astronomers have recently discovered thousands of planets that orbit stars throughout our Milky Way galaxy. With his characteristic wit and style, Donald Goldsmith presents the science of exoplanets and the search for extraterrestrial life in a way that Earthlings with little background in astronomy or astrophysics can understand and enjoy. Much of what has captured the imagination of planetary scientists and the public...

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Basic Physics of Nanoscience: Traditional Approaches and New Aspects at the Ultimate Level

Description Basic Physics of Nanoscience: Traditional Approaches and New Aspects at the Ultimate Level deals with the description of properties at the Nano level and self-organizing quantum processes of Nano systems. The book presents the state of the art as well as theoretical discussions of future developments, beginning with simple Nano systems’ sensitivity to small variations in interaction potential compared to bulk cases, and continuing with a discussion of the structure and dynamics of Nano systems as a function of temperature. Additionally, the book analyzes self-organizing quantum processes-which are essential in the design of new Nano systems-in detail, and explores new aspects related to the quantum...

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The Space Book Revised and Updated

Description A revised and updated edition of the successful book, now featuring the most recent discoveries, technologies, and images. Since the original edition of The Space Book was published in 2013, much has happened in the world of space exploration. This revised and updated edition, with a new introduction from author Jim Bell, brings the popular Milestones book up to date. It includes the most exciting and newsworthy breakthroughs, from the groundbreaking discovery of the Trappist-1 system to the technologies of the future. Take a full-color, chronological tour of the cosmos through completely new entries and spectacular images that cover developments in radio astronomy, NASA’s mission to...

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Introductory Discrete Mathematics

Description This concise text offers an introduction to discrete mathematics for undergraduate students in computer science and mathematics. Mathematics educators consider it vital that their students be exposed to a course in discrete methods that introduces them to combinatorial mathematics and to algebraic and logical structures focusing on the interplay between computer science and mathematics. The present volume emphasizes combinatorics, graph theory with applications to some stand network optimization problems, and algorithms to solve these problems. Chapters 0–3 cover fundamental operations involving sets and the principle of mathematical induction, and standard combinatorial topics: basic counting principles, permutations, combinations, the inclusion-exclusion principle, generating functions, recurrence relations,...

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Introductory Physics for Biological Scientists

Description Why do elephants have sturdier thigh bones than humans? Why can’t ostriches fly? How do bacteria swim through fluids? With each chapter structured around relevant biological case studies and examples, this engaging, full-colour book introduces fundamental physical concepts essential in the study of biological phenomena. Optics is introduced within the context of butterfly wing colouration, electricity is explained through the propagation of nerve signals, and accelerated motion is conveniently illustrated using the example of the jumping armadillo. Other key physical concepts covered include waves, mechanical forces, thermodynamics and magnetism, and important biological techniques are also discussed within this context, such as gel electrophoresis and...

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The Science Book: From Darwin to Dark Energy, 250 Milestones in the History of Science

Description From astronomy to psychology, this beautifully illustrated chronology presents the most important and groundbreaking milestones in science. Award-winning author Cliff Pickover (The Math Book, The Physics Book, and The Medical Book) gathers into one fully illustrated volume the most important thinkers and ideas in the history of science. This unique omnibus edition includes 250 thoughtfully selected entries from many of the science-based books in the Sterling Milestones series, including math, physics, medicine, biology, chemistry, engineering, psychology, and space. With a new introduction by Pickover explaining how this impressive collection was curated, The Science Book showcases humanity’s greatest achievements and provides readers with a sense of wonder at the diversity...

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The Complete Illustrated Guide to Farming

Description Crop Rotation Crop rotation, like green manures, dates back to the dawn of agriculture. It fell into disuse with the advent of modern chemical fertilizers and monocropping, but this was to the peril of soil health, so rotational cropping is considered a vital spoke in the wheel of organic farming today. In its simplest form, crop rotation is the act of planting something different in a field every year. A rotational sequence is usually for a series of years, coming back to the original crop after four or more years. This cycle disrupts weed and pest activity, helps eliminate soil-borne diseases, and aids soil...

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Essential Discrete Mathematics for Computer Science

Description A more intuitive approach to the mathematical foundation of computer science Discrete mathematics is the basis of much of computer science, from algorithms and automata theory to combinatorics and graph theory. This textbook covers the discrete mathematics that every computer science student needs to learn. Guiding students quickly through thirty-one short chapters that discuss one major topic each, this flexible book can be tailored to fit the syllabi for a variety of courses. Proven in the classroom, Essential Discrete Mathematics for Computer Science aims to teach mathematical reasoning as well as concepts and skills by stressing the art of proof. It is fully illustrated in color,...

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Short-Cut Math (Dover Books on Mathematics)

Description Can you multiply 362 x .5 quickly in your head? Could you readily calculate the square of 41? How much is 635 divided by 2½? Can 727,648 be evenly divided by 8? If any of these questions took you more than a few seconds to solve, you need this book. Short-Cut Mathis a concise, remarkably clear compendium of about 150 math short-cuts — timesaving tricks that provide faster, easier ways to add, subtract, multiply, and divide. By using the simple foolproof methods in this volume, you can double or triple your calculation speed — even if you always hated math in school. Here’s a sampling...

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Functional Differential Geometry (True PDF)

Description An explanation of the mathematics needed as a foundation for a deep understanding of general relativity or quantum field theory. Physics is naturally expressed in mathematical language. Students new to the subject must simultaneously learn an idiomatic mathematical language and the content that is expressed in that language. It is as if they were asked to read Les Misérables while struggling with French grammar. This book offers an innovative way to learn the differential geometry needed as a foundation for a deep understanding of general relativity or quantum field theory as taught at the college level. The approach taken by the authors (and used in their...